Odissi dance is one of the pre-eminent classical dance forms of India which originated in the Hindu temples of the eastern coastal state of Odisha in India. Its theoretical base trace back to ‘Natya Shastra’, the ancient Sanskrit Hindu text on the performing arts. The age-old tradition of Odissi is manifested from Odisha Hindu temples and various sites of archaeological significance that are associated with Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, the sculptures of which adorn dance postures of this art form. A form of illustrative anecdote of mythical and religious stories, devotional poems and spiritual ideas emoted by a dancer with excellent body movements, expressions, impressive gestures and sign languages, its performance repertoire includes Invocation, Nrita, Nritya, Natya and Moksha. This dance form includes themes from Vaishnavism and others associated with Hindu gods and goddesses like Shiva, Surya and Shakti.
Among five branches of Indian classical music, Odissi music exists in the form of Odramagadhi. Odissi music was shaped during the time of Odia poet Jayadeva, who composed lyrics meant to be sung. By the 11th century AD, folk music of Odisha in the form of Triswari, Chatuhswari and Panchaswari was modified into the classical style. However, Odissi songs were written even before the Odia language developed. Odissi music has a rich legacy dating back to the 2nd century BC, when king Kharavela, the ruler of Odisha(Kalinga), patronized this music and dance.
Sambalpuri Dance is the Most famous Folk Dance of Western Odisha. Dances Originating from the Villages are known as Folk Dance. The People residing in the Villages grow up since Birth, Passing Childhood, Youth and old age in interaction with the mountains, streams, forests, animals, birth, life, happiness etc. revolve around nature. Villagers sing and dance without any inhibition. They sing and dance not for others but for themselves. There are not any fixed rules and regulations in folk dance. simple villagers including Men, Women, Children have nurtured it and used it for their Expression. Dhol, Nishan, Muhuri, Tasa, Flute are the Sambalpuri Music Instrument which is used in Sambalpuri dances.
There are many types of Sambalpuri Dances in western Odisha, like Dalkhai, Jaiphula, Maleshree, Rasarakeli, Chutkuchuta, Mailazada, karma, Dula biha and Ghudka.
Sambalpuri Music includes few acoustic instruments that let you enjoy a special status for its rarity. Moreover these instruments are the real stuff to create an indomitable presence of sweet folk styles. Dulduli music, a music orchestra of western Odisha's folk music combines Dhol, Nisan, Tasha, Jhanj and Muhuri. In this musical extravaganza, Dhol is the lead rhythm instrument, Nisan is the bass booster, Taasha is the treble booster, Jhanj is the percussion and Muhuri(Sehnai like) is the only and leading sur instrument.
A part of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage in India, The Chhau Dance is a popular form of tribal dance in India that also integrates elements of martial arts into its movements. Predominantly seen in the states of Odisha, West Bengal and Jharkhand, this dance form is a unique spectacle.
The word Chhau is derived from the Sanskrit word Chhaya which essentially means shadow or image which can also be hinted as they use of the magnificently colorful and grand masks. The dance form has three subtypes; namely Purulia Chhau, Mayurbanj Chhau and Seraikella Chhau, named differently because of the place of their origin.
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